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Lord Krishna - Eight Incarnation of Vishnu

Lord Krishna is the most commonly worshiped deity among the Hindus. Lord Krishna is considered to be the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu especially by the Vaishnava sect. In books and legends, Krishna is depicted as a young boy playing the flute amidst the company of gopiyas and Radha.

 In Bhagvad Gita, it is said that he guided Arjun to win the battle against the Kauravas. Krishna is usually worshipped along with his beloved Radha and the pair is a symbol of eternal love and purity.

Birth
Lord Krishna was born in Mathura in Uttar Pradesh and the eighth son of Vasudev and Devki. Devki and Vasudev were put behind bars by Kansa, the king of Mathura and uncle of Krishna. Predictions had it that Kansa would be killed by Devki and Vasudev’s eighth son.

Since Vasudev was aware of this, he secretly made arrangements to send Krishna to Gokul to be raised by foster parents Yasoda and Nanda. Devki’s seventh son, Balaram was transferred to the womb of Rohini and Balaram and Krishna grew under the care if Nanda and Yasoda.

Krishna.jpgSeveral stories of mischievous Krishna looking for opportunity steal butter from earthen pots are known by most people. These stories are passed from generation to generation. The stories of Krishna playing with gopis or milkmaids of Vrindavan are known as Rasa lila and have been romanticized by Jaya Dev in Geet Govinda. 

Youth
As a young man, Krishna left Gokul and returned to Mathura to kill his uncle Kansa and reinstated Ugrasen, Kansa’s father as the king of Yadavas. It is during this time he came close to Arjuna.

 Later on, Krishna also built his own kingdom in Dwarka. Krishna married Rukimini, the princess of Vidarbha. According to Vaishnava traditions Krishna married more than 16,000 maidens and they are believed to be the forms of goddess Lakshmi.

Kurukshetra War

In the famous Kurukshetra War as depicted in Mahabharata, Arjuna wanted Krishna for the Pandavas but Krishna’s condition was he would take part in the war but would not raise any weapon. During the battle Krishna became the charioteer of Arjuna and the discourse between Arjun and Krishna are compiled in Bhagvad Gita.

Later Life

In his later life, Krishna stayed at Dwarka for about 36 years. Balaram gave up his body while Krishna retired to the forest and sat in meditation under a tree.

108 names of Lord Krishna

NAMES

MEANING

Achala

Still Lord

Achyuta

Infallible Lord

Adbhutah

Wonderful God

Adidev

The Lord Of The Lords

Aditya

The Son Of Aditi

Ajanma

One Who Is Limitless And Endless

Ajaya

The Conqueror Of Life And Death

Akshara

Indestructible Lord

Amrut

One Who Is Sweet As Nectar

Anaadih

One Who Is The First Cause

Anandsagar

Compassionate Lord

Ananta

The Endless Lord

Anantajit

Ever Victorious Lord

Anaya

One Who Has No Leader

Aniruddha

One Who Cannot Be Obstructed

Aparajeet

The Lord Who Cannot Be Defeated

Avyukta

One Who Is As Clear As Crystal

Balgopal

The Child Krishna, The All Attractive

Bali

The Lord Of Strength

Chaturbhuj

Four-Armed Lord

Danavendra

Granter Of Boons

Dayalu

Repositiory Of Compassion

Dayanidhi

The Compassionate Lord

Devadidev

The God Of The Gods

Devakinandan

Son Of Mother Devaki

Devesh

Lord Of The Lords

Dharmadhyaksha

The Lord OF Dharma

Dwarkapati

Lord Of Dwarka

Gopal

One Who Plays With The Cowherds, The Gopas

Gopalpriya

Lover Of Cowherds

Govinda

One Who Pleases The Cows, The Land And The Entire Nature

Gyaneshwar

The Lord Of Knowledge

Hari

The Lord Of Nature

Hiranyagarbha

The All Powerful Creator

Hrishikesh

The Lord Of All Senses

Jagadguru

Preceptor Of The Universe

Jagadisha

Protector Of All

Jagannath

Lord Of The Universe

Janardhana

One Who Bestows Boons On One And All

Jayantah

Conqueror Of All Enemies

Jyotiraaditya

The Resplendence Of The Sun

Kamalnath

The Lord Of Goddess Lakshmi

Kamalnayan

The Lord With Lotus Shaped Eyes

Kamsantak

Slayer Of Kamsa

Kanjalochana

The Lotus-Eyed God

Keshava

One Who Has Long, Black Matted Locks

Krishna

Dark-Complexioned Lord

Lakshmikantam

The Lord Of Goddess Lakshmi

Lokadhyaksha

Lord Of All The Three Lokas (Worlds)

Madan

The Lord Of Love

Madhava

Knowledge Filled God

Madhusudan

Slayer Of Demon Madhu

Mahendra

Lord Of Indra

Manmohan

All Pleasing Lord

Manohar

Beautiful Lord

Mayur

The Lord Who Has A Peacock Feathered-Crest

Mohan

All Attractive God

Murali

The Flute Playing Lord

Murlidhar

One Who Holds The Flute

Murlimanohar

The Flute Playing God

Nandgopala

The Son Of Nand

Narayana

The Refuge Of Everyone

Niranjana

The Unblemished Lord

Nirguna

Without Any Properties

Padmahasta

One Who Has Hands Like Lotus

Padmanabha

The Lord Who Has A Lotus Shaped Navel

Parabrahmana

The Supreme Absolute Truth

Paramatma

Lord Of All Beings

Parampurush

Supreme Personality

Parthasarthi

Charioteer Of Partha - Arjuna

Prajapati

Lord Of All Creatures

Punyah

Supremely Pure

Purshottam

The Supreme Soul

Ravilochana

One Who Eye Is The Sun

Sahasraakash

Thousand-Eyed Lord

Sahasrajit

One Who Vanquishes Thousands

Sahasrapaat

Thousand-Footed Lord

Sakshi

All Witnessing Lord

Sanatana

The Eternal Lord

Sarvajana

Omniscient Lord

Sarvapalaka

Protector Of All

Sarveshwar

Lord Of All Gods

Satyavachana

One Who Speaks Only The Truth

Satyavrata

The Truth Dedicated Lord

Shantah

Peaceful Lord

Shreshta

The Most Glorious Lord

Shrikanta

Beautiful Lord

Shyam

Dark-Complexioned Lord

Shyamsundara

Lord Of The Beautiful Evenings

Sudarshana

Handsome Lord

Sumedha

Intelligent Lord

Suresham

Lord Of All Demi-Gods

Swargapati

Lord Of Heavens

Trivikrama

Conqueror Of All The Three Worlds

Upendra

Brother Of Indra

Vaikunthanatha

Lord Of Vaikuntha, The Heavenly Abode

Vardhamaanah

The Formless Lord

Vasudev

All Prevailing Lord

Vishnu

All Prevailing Lord

Vishwadakshinah

Skilfull And Efficient Lord

Vishwakarma

Creator Of The Universe

Vishwamurti

Of The Form Of The Entire Universe

Vishwarupa

One Who Displays The Universal Form

Vishwatma

Soul Of The Universe

Vrishaparvaa

Lord Of Dharma

Yadavendra

King Of The Yadav Clan

Yogi

The Supreme Master

Yoginampati

Lord Of The Yogis


Moola Mantra

              Om Krishnaya Namaha!

Maha Mantra


"Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare
           Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare"


This mantra is made up of only three words: 'Hare', Krishna and 'Rama'. 'Krishna' and 'Rama' are the name of Lord Vishnu - one of the mythological deities in the trinity of Gods Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh.

It is said that in every era Vishnu takes incarnation on earth to establish the law of truth and righteousness. The meaning of the mantra is as following:

 “O lord, take away all my sorrows, pains and shortcomings and give me bliss and joy".
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