The planet Mars is called ‘Mangal’ in Hindi. It is considered a fiery planet and is symbolized by the color red. Being an aggressive planet it is a representation of the god of war. He is believed to be the son of Prithvi or Bhumi, the Goddess Earth and hence also called ‘Bhauma.’
He is imagined as red as flame color and has four-arms, each carrying a trident (trishula), mace, lotus and a spear. Due to the color red, Mars is also called ‘Angaraka’ in Sanskrit. He is seen sitting on a ram. 'Mangal-var' (Tuesday) out of the seven days is presided by Mars.
The story behind the birth of Mangal grah says that once when Lord Shiva was meditating on Mount Kailash, three drops of perspiration dropped down to the earth from his forehead. Those drops developed into an infant, who was reddish in complexion and had four arms.
The goddess earth, Bhumi mothered the child.
When Bhaum grew up, he did a strong penance to please lord Shiva. Lord Shiva blessed him by granting him 'Mangala loka' (the Abode of Mangala). The same 'Bhauma' is recognized in the solar system as the Mangal grah (the planet Mars).
The consort of Mangal is Jwalini.Astrological Importance
Mars is the ruler of Aries and Scorpio signs. He is high in Makara (Capricorn) and has his fall in Karka (Cancer).Mangal teaches occult sciences as Ruchaka Mahapurusha Yoga.
In Vedic astrology Mangal is considered a malefic planet. Mars is friendly to Sun, Moon and Jupiter, hostile to Mercury, neutral to Venus and Saturn.
Mangal is the lord of Mrigashirsha, Chitra and Shravishtha or Dhanista nakshtra. Mangal’s color is red, metal is brass, gemstone is red coral, element is fire, direction is south and season is summer.
To please Mangal, one should offer prayers to Lord Shiva or wear the stone 'Praval'. Copper, gold, wheat, red clothes, red sandal, red flower etc. may be offered to the Grah. Fasts on Tuesdays and reading of Hanuman Chalisa are also beneficial. Body parts affected
Mangal represents force and physical energy, self-confidence and ego, strength, anger, impulsiveness, heroism and adventurous nature. Mangal effects blood circulation, muscles and bone marrow.Mangal mantra
om kram kreem krom saha bhaumai namaha
Gayatri Mantra for Mars
"Om Angarkaya vidmahe, bhoomipalaya dhimahi, tanno Kujah prachodayat"
Navgrah Mangal Mantra
"Dharaneegarbha Sambootham Vidhyadh Kaanthi Samaprabham
Kumaaram Shakthihastham Cha Mangalam Pranamaamyaham"