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26 January 1950


It was on 26 January, 1950 that the constitution of India came into force and India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic. It was on the same day that Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India. Read here the first speech delivered by Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the President of India on 26th January, 1950.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad taking oath as the President of India‘हमारे गणराज्य का उद्देश्य है इसके नागरिकों के लिए न्याय, स्वतंत्रता और समता प्राप्त करना तथा इस विशाल देश की सीमाओं में निवास करने वाले लोगों में भ्रातृ-भाव बढ़ाना, जो विभिन्न धर्मों को मानते हैं, अनेक भाषाएँ बोलते हैं और अपने विभिन्न रीति-रिवाजों का पालन करते हैं। हम सभी देशों के साथ मित्रता करके रहना चाहते हैं। हमारे भावी कार्यक्रमों में रोग, गरीबी और अज्ञान का उन्मूलन शामिल है।

हम उन सभी विस्थापित लोगों को फिर से बसाने तथा उन्हें फिर से स्थिरता देने के लिए चिंतित हैं, जिन्होंने बड़ी मुसीबतें सही हैं और हानियाँ उठाई हैं और जो अभी भी मुसीबत में हैं। जो लोग किसी प्रकार के अधिकारों से वंचित हैं, उन्हें विशेष सहायता मिलनी चाहिए।

इस लक्ष्य को प्राप्त करने के लिए यह आवश्यक है कि हम उस स्वतंत्रता को सुरक्षित रखें, जो आज हमें प्राप्त है लेकिन राजनीतिक स्वतंत्रता के समान ही आर्थिक और सामाजिक स्वतंत्रता भी समय की माँग है। वर्तमान हमसे अतीत की अपेक्षा भी अधिक निष्ठा और बलिदान माँग रहा है।

मैं आशा और प्रार्थना करता हूँ कि हमें जो अवसर मिला है, हम उसका उपयोग करने में समर्थ हो सकेंगे। हमें अपनी सारी भौतिक और शारीरिक शक्तियाँ अपनी जनता की सेवा में लगा देनी चाहिए। मैं यह भी आशा करता हूँ कि इस शुभ और आनंदमय दिवस के आगमन पर खुशियाँ मनाती हुई जनता अपनी जिम्मेदारी का अनुभव करेगी और अपने आपको फिर उस लक्ष्य की पूर्ति के लिए समर्पित कर देगी, जिसके लिए राष्ट्रपिता जिए, काम करते रहे और मर गए।’


The First Indian Constitution "It is a great day for our country. India has had a long and chequered history; parts of it were cloudy and parts bright and sunlit. At no period, even during the most glorious eras of which we have record, was this whole country brought under one Constitution and one rule. We have mention of many Republics in our books and our historians have been able to make out a more or less connected and co-ordinated piece out of the incidents and the places which are mentioned in these records. But these Republics were small and tiny and their shape and size was perhaps the same as that of the Greek Republics of that period.

We have mention of Kings and Princes, some of whom are described as 'Chakravarty', that is, a monarch whose suzerainty was acknowledged by other Princes. During the British period, while acknowledging the suzerainty of Britain, the Indian Princes continued to carry on the administration of their territories in their own way. It is for the first time today that we have inaugurated a Constitution which extends to the whole of this country and we see the birth of a federal republic having States which have no sovereignty of their own and which are really members and parts of one federation and one administration.

His Excellency the Ambassador of the Netherlands has been pleased to refer to the relations and connections of this country with other countries both Eastern and Western. That relationship, so far as this country is concerned, has always been one of friendliness. Our ancestors carried the message of our teachers far and wide and established cultural ties which have withstood the ravages of time and still subsist while Empires have crumbled and fallen to pieces.

26 January, 1950 - First Republic DayOur ties subsist because they were not of iron and steel or even of gold but of the silken cords of the human spirit, India has had to face, on many occasions, assaults and invasions by foreigners and she has very often succumbed. But, there is not a single instance of a military invasion or aggressive war by this country against any other. It is therefore in the fitness of things and a culmination of our own cultural traditions that we have been able to win our freedom without bloodshed and in a very peaceful manner.

The Father of our Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, was not a freak of nature but the physical embodiment and consummation of the progress of that spirit of non-violence which has been our great heritage. We have been able under his matchless leadership, not only to regain our lost freedom but also to establish and strengthen the bonds of friendship with those — and our thanks are due to them for it — against whose policy we have fought and won.

Our Constitution is a democratic instrument seeking to ensure to the individual citizens the freedoms which are so invaluable. India has never prescribed or prosecuted opinion and faith and our philosophy has room as much for a devotee of a personal god, as for an agnostic or an atheist. We shall, therefore, be only implementing in practice under our Constitution what we have inherited from our traditions, namely, freedom of opinion and expression. Under the new set-up, which we are inaugurating today, we hope to live up to the teachings of our Master and help in our own humble way in the establishment of peace in the world.

Indian Express on 26 January, 1950Our attitude towards all countries is one of utmost friendliness. We have no designs against any one, no ambition to dominate others. Our hope is that others also will have no designs against us. We have had bitter experience of aggression by other countries in the past and can only express the hope that it may not be necessary for us to take any measures even in self-defence.

I know the world today is passing through a most uncertain and anxious period. Two world wars within one generation, with all their devastation and aftermath of suffering and sorrow, have not been able to convince it that a war can never bring about the end of wars. It is, therefore, necessary to seek the end of wars in positive acts of goodness towards all and the world must learn to utilise all its resources for productive and beneficial purposes and not for destruction. We do venture to think that this country may have a past to play in establishing this goodwill and atmosphere of confidence and co-operation.

We have inherited no old enmities. Our republic enters the world stage, therefore, free from pride and prejudice, humbly believing and striving that in international as well as internal affairs our statesmen may be guided by the teachings of the Father of our Nation — tolerance, understanding non-violence and resistance to aggression.

It is in such a country and at such a time that it has pleased the representatives of our people to call me to this high office. You can easily understand my nervousness which arises not only form the tremendousness of the task with which our newly won freedom is confronted but also from a consciousness that I succeed in this sphere of activity, though not in office, one who has played such a conspicuous part not only during the period of strife and struggle but also during the period of constructive activity and active administration. You know Sri Chakravarty Rajagopalachari and have experience of his incisive intellect, great learning, practical wisdom and sweetness of manners.

Deccan Herald on 26 nJanuary, 1950 It has been my privilege to have been associated with him for more than 30 years and although we might have had occasional differences of opinion on some vital matters but never have our personal relations suffered by setback and I feel sure that I shall continue to enjoy the benefit of his protective advice in whatever crises I may have to face.

My nervousness and anxiety are to no small extent countered by a consciousness that I shall be the recipient of fullest confidence from our Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, the Members of the Cabinet and the Legislature and from the people at large. I shall endeavour my best to earn and deserve that confidence. Let me also hope that this country will be able to win the confidence of other nations and secure such assistance as it may require in times of need. I have great pleasure in responding to the toast which has been proposed."



First Republic Day Parade Video




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