Every year millions of devotees gather at the temple of Lord Venkateshwara at Tirumala to take part in the festivities. It gives all devotees an opportunity to receive the blessings of Sri Venkateswara Swami and experience “Vaikuntha Anubhava” or heavenly enjoyment and feeling.
The idol of Lord Venkateshwara is taken out for processions on different vehicles on different days. The black idol of Lord Balaji is decorated with gold ornaments and precious stones to make the procession more attracting. The festival attracts pilgrims from all parts of the country and even from abroad.

The temple trust called Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) arranges for the smooth conduct of the Brahmotsavams. The TTD also sponsors various cultural programmes, including spiritual discourses and music concerts. Devotees are offered free meals and food packets on all days of the festival. The nine-day episodes are also telecasted through various television channels. The activities of the nine days are described below:
Day 1 or Dhwajarohana

On the first day of the festivities or Dhwajarohana, the flag is hoisted near the Srivari Alaya Dhwajasthambham. The flag has an emblem of a black Garuda. It is on this day that a marvelous procession of Lord Venkateshwara on Pedda Seshavahana is taken around the four streets of the main temple at ten in the night and continues till midnight. The Lord is taken on a vehicle called Seshavahana during the first two days of the festival.

Day 2 or Chinna Seshavahana

In the morning of the second day, the Lord is taken out on the Chinna Seshavahana while in the night the deities are taken to Uyala Mandapam for the Unjal Seva. This is then followed by a procession on the Hamsavahana. Hamsa or swan which symbolizes purity is said to have the capability of distinguishing between the good and the bad.

Day 3 or Simvahana

The day is called Simvahana symbolizing strength and power. Simha means lion and according to Gita the Lord is the simha of all animals. On the third day, the Lord is therefore carried on Simvahana. In the night, the deities are carried on Mutayalapandiri Vahana which has a pearl covering, a symbol of purity and royalty.

Day 4 or Kalpavriksha Vahana

On the fourth day, the deities take a ride on Kalpavriksha Vahana in the morning. Kalpavriksha is a tree that grants boons and satisfies the wishes of the devotees. After Unjal Seva in the night, the deities are carried on Sarvabhoopala Vahana.

Day 5 or Garuda Vahana

: Fifth day of Brahmotsav is very unique. It is celebrated to commemorate the Lord s incarnation as Mohini. The legend goes that Lord Vishnu assumed the form of Mohini or a beautiful girl to give amrit to the Devatas. In the night after Unjal Seva, the Lord is carried on Garuda Vahana and decorated with Mahaakanti, Sahasranaramala. According to ancient Hindu texts, Garuda is the king of birds, a replica of the Vedas while Lord Vishnu is the God of Vedas. Thus, the Lord visualizes Himself as Garuda. Garuda vahana is the most important and greatest of all the vahanas and many pilgrims visit Tirupati on this day.

Day 6 or Gaja Vahana

On the morning of the sixth day the deities are carried on Hanumad Vahana. Hanuman is the guest of this day. The pilgrims feel that they are blessed if they could catch a glimpse of the Lord on Hanumad Vahana. On this day, instead of Unjal Seva, Vasantotsavam or spring festival is celebrated. During the night the Lord sits on Gaja Vahana which is a symbol of wealth. It is also attributed to the elephant in Gajendramoksham the story from the Mahabhaghavatam, where the elephant was saved from a crocodile by Lord Vishnu.

Day 7 or Suryaprabha Vahana

On this day, the Lord is mounted on Suryaprabha Vahana or the sun chariot. Surya or the sun is the other form of Lord Vishnu. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Vishnu is the center of the universe and to symbolize this Lord Vishnu uses Suryaprabha Vahana. The Lord is taken out on Chandraprabha Vahana at night after Unjal Seva. Devotees believe that it gives the Lord a soothing experience when he travels on Chandraprabha Vahana.

Day 8 or Rathotsavam

On this day the Lord travels on a chariot or ratham. People believe that those who witness this day will not be reborn. The idols of Daruka, the charioteer of Lord Krishna and the four horses are placed before the deities. The devotees pull the chariot chanting Govinda!Govinda! The Lord and his consorts are taken in a Aswa (horse) Vahana after Unjal Seva in the night symbolizing energy and power.

Day 9 or Chakrasnana Mahotsavam

Pallaki Seva and Chakrasnana Mahotsavam in the morning and Dhwajavarohanam are performed in the evening on the last day of Brahmotsavam. Abhisekham is performed on this day by applying oil and turmeric powder on the idols. The Garuda flag which was hoisted on the first day is lowered on the last day.

इस आर्टिकल को हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिए यहां क्लिक करें

Brahmotsavam Festival Video

Forthcoming Festivals