“Under this flag, there is no difference between a prince and a peasant, between the rich and the poor, between man and women."


~ Sarojini Naidu

Preamble of the Flag Code of India says that:


The significance of the colours and the Chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan explained -

Meaning of Tricolor and Chakra in the Indian National Flag


"The Ashoka Wheel in the center of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."

On 15 August 1947 India and Pakistan were created. India adopted the tricolor of saffron, white, and green with a blue Ashoka Chakra at the centre. Unofficially this tricolour had been the flag of the Indian National Congress. The orange colour represented Hinduism, the green colour - Islam and the white colour represented peace. There was a blue spinning wheel in the center, which represented Gandhiji s call for economic self-sufficiency through hand spinning.

Flag Hoisting at Red Fort


Prime Minister of India hoists the flag and pays his homage to the freedom fighters and addresses the Nation. Children are brimming with enthusiasm on this day. Early in the morning, they attend the flag hoisting ceremony in their schools. They sing patriotic songs and present skits and dramas based on the freedom struggle.

This special day revives in us the nationalist spirit. There are celebrations all over the country. We listen to patriotic songs and there are assemblies all over to salute the national flag. People watch the colourful march-past of the local police or the military forces. In educational institutions, the march-past is usually done by students and the National Cadet Corps (NCC) cadets. Sweets are distributed and free movie shows featuring Nationalistic and Patriotic movies are shown.

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