Background of Kargil War
The Kargil War or the Kargil Conflict took place between May 3 and July 26, 1999, in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC).
Kargil War was the geo- political conflict which occurred at the Kargil district of Kashmir along the line of control between both the nations. The main cause of the war was the penetration of Pakistani soldiers on the Indian side of the LOC (Line of Control).
Initially, Pakistan didn’t accept the fact and blamed independent Kashmiri rebellions for this illegal act but later the involvement of the Pakistan became clear by the statements of Pakistani Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff.
Indian Army bravely fought the war launching Operation Vijay and later on was also supported by Indian Air Force and recaptured most of the infiltrated site. Finally, in July, Pakistani troops surrendered and withdrew from the positions along LOC. Pakistan was highly criticized for its military activities from the United Nations and other superpowers like the USA and UK.
About 527 soldiers from the Indian Armed Forces lost their lives during the war. Four Param Vir Chakras and 11 Maha Vir Chakras were awarded. Captain Vikram Batra of 13 JAK Rifles, Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey of 1/11 Gorkha Rifles received Param Vir Chakras posthumously while Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav of 18 Grenadiers and Rifleman Sanjay Kumar of 13 JAK Rifles were the living recipient of this award.
Soon after the war, the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government set up the Kargil Review Committee to look into the matters relating to the alleged intelligence failure and other issues relating to this War. Pakistan suffered not just on the military front but also political front. Soon after the war, public opinion in Pakistan grew against the then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his policies. He was ousted from the government in a coup orchestrated by then General Pervez Musharraf who seized the control of the civilian government.
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