is observed and celebrated throughout India by all communities but with slight variations in the festivities.
In Uttar Pradesh, Sankranti is called ‘Khichiri’
. It is an important bathing date during the famous Magh Mela and Kumbh Mela at Sangam (Prayag) in Allahabad.
It is known as Gangasagar Mela
in Bengal and on this particular day people come from all over India for a ceremonial cleansing in the river Hooghly, near Kolkata.
In Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti is known by the name of ‘Pongal’
. It is very popular particularly amongst farmers. Rice and pulses cooked together in ghee and milk is offered to the family deity after the ritual worship.
In Andhra Pradesh, it is celebrated as a three-day harvest festival, known as Sankranthi.
In Maharashtra, on the Sankranti day, people exchange multi-colored tilguds
made from til (sesame seeds) and sugar and til-ladoos made from til and jaggery.Bhogali Bihu
is celebrated on the day in Assam.
In Punjab where December and January are the coldest months of the year, huge bonfires are lit on the eve of Makar Sankranti and which is celebrated as "Lohri".
In Central India, it is known as Sankranti.
, it is known as Uttarayan and is noted for the kite flying