Mahavira was the last Tirthankara in Jainism. Mahavir Swami ji is also referred by different names as Vardhamana, Vira or Viraprabhu, Ativira, Sanmati and Gnatputra. Lord Mahavira was only the sole responsible to establish ethics in Jainism.
Lord Mahavira was born on the 12th of April in the year 599 BC at Kshatriyakund in Bihar. He lived like a prince for 30 years of his age then switched towards the ascetic life in search of God, leaving behind all the pleasures of worldly life.
The name of Mahavira was derived from sanskrit language meaning the great hero of life. He was referred as lord Mahavira after the long duration of silence and his enlightenment. He won his desires but controlling himself, even sacrificed food in search of ultimate virtue of his life. After preaching the lessons of spiritualism to 400,000 followers, he finally departed for heaven.
He was popularly known as "Vardhaman" as it was believed that he proved lucky for his parents and brought loads of wealth to them after his birth.
The philosophies of Lord Mahavira are based on the sole purpose of improving the quality of life. The basic idea is to attain spiritual excellence by maintaining ethical behavior and following proper code of conduct.
Mahavira philosophy primarily consists of metaphysics and ethics. The metaphysics comprise of three main principles, namely, Anekantavada, Syadvada and Karma. The five ethical principles underlying the philosophy of Lord Mahavira are Satya, Ahimsa, Brahmacharya, Asteya, and Aparigraha.
The birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir is observed as Mahavir Jayanti, one of the main occasions celebrated in Jainism. The festival usually falls in March or April of Gregorian calendar.