According to the religious literature, Avahan means invocation. The invocation of Goddess Saraswati is known as Saraswati Avahan. The last three days of Navratri is largely dedicated to goddess Saraswati. It is celebrated in the Hindu month of Ashwin (on the seventh day of waxing moon) on Mahasaptami.
The Hindu scriptures have precisely mentioned about the time for the Saraswati puja. The Saraswati Avahan should be observed during Mul Nakshatra, Saraswati Puja should be done during Purva Ashadha Nakshatra, Balidan Puja should be done during Uttara Ashadha Nakshatra and Saraswati Visarjan should be done during Shravana Nakshatra. In Maharashtra and South India, Saraswati pooja commences with Saraswati Avahan on Maha Saptami and ends on Vijayadashami with Saraswati Visarjan.
According to the Hindu religion, Goddess Saraswati is the deity of wisdom, music, arts and science. The mantra related to goddess Saraswati is - Om Aim Sarasvatyai Svaha. The Goddess is also revered as Tridevi and her abode is Brahmapura. Her vahana or mount is a swan, hansa and peacock. Lord Brahma is the consort of Goddess Saraswati and he created the universe with her knowledge. She is part of a trinity- Goddess Kali, Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Saraswati.
All the three forms help the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh in the creation, sustenance and annihilation of the universe. The goddess is respected by followers of the Jain religion in India. She is also known as the guardian deity in Buddhism, who shields the teachings of Gautama Buddha by offering protection to the devotees.
सरस्वती अवाहन के बारे में और मूल बीज मंत्र हिंदी में जानने के लिये यहां क्लिक करें