Every year World Tuberculosis Day is observed on 24 March to make people aware about the hazardous disease. Tuberculosis causes nearly 1.6 million deaths every year around the planet. In 1882 Dr Robert Koch thunderstruck the scientific community by announcing that he had discovered the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus on March 24.

At the time of Koch s announcement TB was raging through Europe and the America. One out of every seven people was costing his life to the dreaded disease.

Koch s discovery opened the way toward diagnosing and curing tuberculosis and was awarded Nobel Prize for this.

In 1982, on the one-hundredth anniversary of Dr Koch s presentation, the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed that March 24 be proclaimed as an official World TB Day.

World TB Day is about commemorating the lives and stories of people that are affected by TB and have been treated for it. The nurses, doctors, researchers, community workers have put in global fight against the deadly TB.

To curb Tuberculosis, South Africans are given financial help for six months necessary for treatment

The government organizes health education campaigns to inform the importance of early diagnosis and regular treatment of the patients. A screening program is also organized to detect the disease at its early stage. Various other events like seminar and exhibition on tuberculosis are held to impart knowledge on all aspects of TB.

What is Tuberculosis (TB)?

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious bacterial disease. The causal bacterium is named Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The first prey to TB is an individual’s lungs but it can spread out to any organ of the body.

A person can become infected with tuberculosis bacteria when he or she inhales the bacteria present in the air. When somebody is already infected with tuberculosis and he coughs, sneezes, shouts, or spits, the bacteria spreads in the air making it infectious. When the inhaled tuberculosis bacteria enter the lungs, they can multiply and cause a local lung infection (pneumonia).

The local lymph nodes of the lungs may also get infected and become enlarged. Tuberculosis can be treated successfully today with antibiotics.

You can prevent yourself from disease and keep yourself healthy by eating loads of fruits and vegetables, exercising daily, stopping the consumption of alcohol and smoking.

You can prevent TB from spreading out by covering your mouth while coughing and sneezing. Windows should be kept open and the flow of fresh air  should be allowed. And the treatment should also be carried out till the end and medication should be continued even if the patient feels better.

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